In this belief, he was tragically mistaken. A system of rule with a monarch as its head; or the hereditary system passed from one monarch to another. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); The area of the Northern Kingdom of Israel fluctuated greatly, and scholars disagree as to it actual borders at any given time. The notion of kingship was for a long time resisted, viewed as putting a man a position of reverence and power reserved for God. Pekah was assassinated by Hoshea. Meanwhile the northern districts suffered from border attacks from the Arameans of Damascus. Our primary sources for the history of the Northern Kingdom are the biblical books of Samuel, Chronicles, and especially Kings, together with occasional historical references in the prophets and other biblical books. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. This article is an overview of the kings of the United Kingdom of Israel as well as those of its successor states and classical period kingdoms ruled by the Hasmonean dynasty and Herodian dynasty. The Hebrew Bible credits him with establishing a minor empire around 1000 B.C.E. He built the temple in Jerusalem but is also blamed by the biblical authors for worshiping other gods, which were introduced by his foreign wives whom he had married in order to seal treaties. Some 27,000 of its inhabitants were reportedly deported, and the district of Samaria became an Assyrian province. This was something that the much-later (and southern) writers of 1-2 Kings could not forgive, given their belief that the Jerusalem temple, located within the kingdom of Judah, was the only legitimate place for worshiping Yahweh. Omri also consolidated Israel politically and resisted both Damascus to the north and the Moabites to the south. Saul Proclaimed King 17Samuel summoned the people to the Lord at Mizpah18and said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘I brought up Israel out of E ... View more, David Anointed King of Judah - 1020 B.C.E., enduring until it fell to the Assyrian empire in 722 B.C.E.. Menahem's main recorded contribution was to stave off invasion by paying a tribute of thousand talents of silver to Tiglathpileser III. Thereafter he continued to reign while the young and future king David gained fame among the southern tribes as a bandit leader of heroic proportions. Saul’s failure to establish a dynasty is interpreted in the Bible as Yahweh’s rejection of his kingship. Short written texts, generally inscribed on stone or clay and frequently recording an event or dedicating an object. For this period, most historians follow either of the older chronologies established by William F. Albright or Edwin R. Thiele, or the newer chronology of Gershon Galil, all of which are shown below. The Northern Kingdom of Israel. The division of the once-unified Israel into two kingdoms occurred when Jeroboam, from the tribe of Ephraim, led the northern tribes’ revolt against Solomon’s son, Rehoboam. In 568 B.C., the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the first temple, which was replaced by … However, this external glory was short-lived. He ended the fratricidal war with Judah and established a friendship with the Phoenician power of Tyre, sealed by a marriage between his son Ahab and the Tyrian princess Jezebel. A civil war between David's forces and the northern tribes supporting Ish-Bosheth raged intermittently, ending as the northern military commander, Abner, switched sides and assassins soon closed in on Ish-Bosheth. A stone inscribed in the Moabite language, commissioned by the Moabit king Mesha to celebrate his accomplishments, including a successful revolt against the kingdom of Israel (see 2 Kings 3). The United Kingdom of Saul, David, and Solomon endured for a period of 120 biblical years and then split into two nations. The Kingdom of Israel was united during the reign of King Saul, King David and King Solomon and became divided at the death of King Solomon. A natural leader of uncommonly tall physical stature, he gained important military victories against Israel's traditional enemies, the Philistines and Amalekites. Archaeologists point out that until its demise, the Northern Kingdom was far more prosperous, populous, and advanced than the Southern Kingdom in terms of architecture and other aspects of culture; yet the bible portrays Jerusalem the only Hebrew city of glory and denigrates the cosmopolitan successes of North as manifestations of idolatry. The Kingdom of Israel (Hebrew: מַלְכוּת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Standard Hebrew Malkut Yisrael) was the kingdom proclaimed by the Israelite nation around 1030 B.C.E. However, because Judah outlasted Israel, and because Judahite writers told the biblical history with their own theological spin, much of biblical literature portrays Judah as superior, at least morally, to its sister kingdom Israel.