Amphiumas do not have any special status in Louisiana.  Their range includes southeastern Virginia, eastern North Carolina, South Carolina, southern Georgia and Alabama, Florida, south Mississippi, Louisiana, and southeastern Texas. To use any images on this site please contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org © 2020. A guide to the natural history and identification of herptiles in The Pelican State. Here you will find photos, information and links about frogs, toads, salamanders, newts and others. of Wildlife and Fisheries). LIFE SPAN: 15 - 20 years. One of the largest extant species of amphibian in the world, they can grow from 39 to 1,042 g (1.4 to 36.8 oz) in mass and from 34.8 to 116 cm (13.7 to 46 in) in length. It is commonly, but incorrectly, called "congo snake", "conger eel" or the "blind eel". They likely detect prey through olfaction. Parasites - The trematodes Telorchis stunkardi, Cephalogonimus amphiumae, and Megalodiscus americanus, as well as a nematode, presumably Filaria amphiumae, were found in a large male two-toed amphiuma from Louisiana (Chandler, 1923). Global Conservation Status: Two-toed Juveniles and adults live in or near swamps, cypress bays, ditches, sloughs, temporary pools, and sluggish streams (Salthe 1973; Petranka 1998).This species is almost completely aquatic, but individuals occasionally move overland on rainy nights (Conant and Collins 1991). Western Lesser Siren, Siren intermedia nettingi. Unlike other salamanders, which are mute, A. means gives a clear whistle when disturbed. Uploaded to Wikipedia Commons by opencage. The one-toed amphiuma has the most restricted range, occurring only in the northwestern portion of the Florida panhandle and in the southeastern portion of the gulf coast of Alabama. Two-toed Amphiuma - Amphiuma means *The colored areas of the map above represent parishes with currently known records for the given species (Source: Jeff Boundy, LA Dept. They are harmless to humans when left alone, but, when disturbed, they can deliver a tough bite, which may lead to a severe infection. IUCN Red List. Louisiana Conservation Status: Two-toed The two-toed amphiuma occurs throughout mainland Florida, west to Louisiana, and eastward along the coastal states to as far north as Virginia. Three-toed Amphiuma, Amphiuma tridactylum. Amphiumas have strong jaws and sharp teeth and, unlike most salamanders, can bite viciously. N/A. The Two-toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma means Garden, 1821) occurs in southeastern North America from eastern Virginia south to the tip of mainland Florida and west to eastern Louisiana (Salthe 1973; Conant and Collins 1998; Petranka 1998).The ecology of this large (>1 m total length) aquatic salamander has not been thoroughly studied anywhere in its range and little is known of its biology in Virginia. The two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means) is a snake-like salamander found chiefly in the southeastern United States. The two-toed amphiuma has an elongated body and pointed head for burrowing. Although there are both three-toed and one-toed species, the most widely distributed (Virginia to Louisiana) is Amphiuma means, which usually grows to 46–116 cm (18–46 inches) in length and has two toes on each foot. By no means does it represent the full range of the species in the state, nor does it necessarily mean that a species can be found throughout the parish with the record. TWO-TOED AMPHIUM. They are black, dark grey or dark brown in color.. Two-toed amphiumas are found in Coastal Plain habitats from southeastern Virgina to eastern Louisiana, near New Orleans. The two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means) is a snake-like salamander found chiefly in the southeastern United States. Category: Salamander. The head is pointed and wedge-shaped, and the eyes are small. (Secure). Scientific Name: Amphiuma means. It is commonly, but incorrectly, called "congo snake", "conger eel" or the "blind eel". They are also recorded to prey on reptiles and amphibians such as southern cricket frogs, southern leopard frogs, greater sirens, peninsula newts, water snakes of the genus Nerodia and small mud turtles. Their range includes southeastern Virginia, eastern North Carolina, South Carolina, southern Georgia and Alabama, Florida, south Mississippi, Louisiana, and southeastern Texas. Alta Verapaz Salama... Axolotl. Their hunting behavior is not thoroughly understood, but they are believed to forage actively for food and to wait under debris and in burrows for prey to approach them. By no means does it represent the full range of the species in the state, nor does it necessarily mean that a species can be found throughout the parish with the record. The two-toed amphiuma occurs throughout mainland Florida, west to Louisiana, and eastward along the coastal states to as far north as Virginia. and a presumed large population, and thus, are listed as Least Concern by the , Amphiumas breed from June to July in North Carolina and northern Florida. Amphiumas live in areas of shallow, heavily vegetated water in swamps, bayous, lakes, and ponds, as well as wet prairies. Sirens, however, have external gills and only one pair of limbs while the two-toed amphiuma has two pairs of legs. Social organisation and mating system. It is covered in mucous to aid with breathing through its skin. A descriptive explanation of the range of each species can be found in the text below. ... Two Toed Amphiuma. Black mountain sala... Black-spotted Stout... Blackbelly salamand... Blackchin red … This is provided as a guide to where you might be able to find these species in the state and to aid in identification. Their NatureServe Global Conservation Status Rank is G5 Gulf Coast Waterdog, Necturus beyeri. Two-toed Amphiuma , Amphiuma means. The Two Toed Amphiuma is found in the Southeastern United States, along the coastal plain from eastern Virginia through the southern tip of Florida (it is absent from the Keys) and west to southeastern Louisiana. Afghanistan salaman... Allegheny Mountain ... Alpine Newt. They may leave water temporarily if weather is wet enough. Two-toed amphiumas are some of the largest extant amphibians in the world. Author's Remarks: I have only seen one individual of this species in Louisiana, and it was caught in a minnow trap at a private pond in St. Tammany Parish.  They have four vestigial legs that end in two toes; the number of toes is one of the primary differences between Amphiuma means and its relatives, the one-toed and three-toed amphiumas. Mole Salamanders and … Red River Waterdog, Necturus louisianensis. Adults retain a single gill slit on each side of the head. All images on site are sole property of B.M. Louisiana is blessed with an abundant number of amphibians. Amphiumas have a relatively wide distribution in the southeastern United States , Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Two-toed_amphiuma&oldid=963316192, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 June 2020, at 03:45. They dig burrows in muddy stream bottoms, or may invade the burrows of other aquatic creatures. Common Name: Two-toed amphium. Two-toed amphiumas are nocturnal, and are often difficult to handle because of their slippery skins. Two Toed Amphiuma Habitat/Range : Two-toed amphiuma can be found in the coastal plain of Virginia, down south into Florida, and as far west as Louisiana. MORE IN SALAMANDER CATEGORY. Previous Next. Females lay about 200 eggs in a damp cavity beneath debris, close to standing water, and they remain coiled around them during incubation (which lasts around five months). Glorioso. Two-toed amphiumas can grow from 39 to 1,042 g (1.4 to 36.8 oz) in mass and from 34.8 to 116 cm (13.7 to 45.7 in) in length.