The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (). Soil must be moist at all times, but be careful, as they cannot stand wet roots. Before transplanting, prune-two-thirds of the leaves of the seedlings. The fruit usually weighs from five to 15 kilogram; bigger ones weigh more. The larva comes out of the fruit and falls to the ground to pupate in the soil. 2 means that the fruit has no specific shape, though free from cuts, skin breaks, insects, and diseases. Additionally, seeds are also available for purchase online. • Pre-processed pulp is packed in polythene bags or in plastic containers. The trunk can be used as lumber or building material. 4. 6. The fruit fly lays its eggs under the skin of the fruit and which hatch in 5-6 days. – Medium: weighing 8 kg to 16 kg Fertility of the soil should be considered because of the rapid exhaustion of soil nutrients taken by the plants. Standard fruit trees grow at maturity up to 18-25 feet tall/wide (5-8 m.), unless they are standard sized peach and nectarine trees, which grow to about 12-15 feet (4-5 m.). Jackfruit is also attacked by the Fungal pink disease, especially during the rainy season. However, special techniques are necessary, including the use of rooting hormones at the right concentrations. This includes dark-brown discoloration of the skin, pulp browning, a deterioration in flavour and increased susceptibility to decay. Cut the end of the bulbs to remove the seeds according to consumers’ preference. 2. Jackfruit will start bearing fruit within 3-4 years and will continue to give fruit for up to 100 years. Planting Jackfruit: Plant jackfruit seeds in rich, deep, and somewhat porous soil. 3. Many people in the rural areas believe this technique hastens ripening but this has no basis. The fully ripe fruit is much sweeter and is often used in deserts. Initially, symptoms of fig rust are visible as small, yellowish spots on the upper surface of the leaves. Prune trees at two (2) years of age. One month after planting, apply 100-150g ammonium sulfate per tree. Scoop out the individual fruitlets (bulbs). Keep the jackfruit tree away from high winds and other plants and keep the soil moist. Apply these in a ration of 8:4:2:1 to 30 grams per tree at 6 months of age and double the amount every six months for up to two years. Since Jackfruit trees can grow up to 100 feet (30m) tall if left alone, the tree will need a big open space that receives full sun. Spray the recommended pesticides and bum affected twigs and dead branches. You should choose the biggest and healthiest looking seedling. A cut on the stem only serves as an entry point for decay-producing organisms. But, the fruit can grow to 120 lbs in weight, and 35 inches long. 1 means that the fruit is fairly well-formed, free from damage by discoloration or scars, cuts, skin breaks, diseases, and insects. Latex may exude from the cut surfaces when extracting the flesh. Many people believe that the leaves of the jackfruit tree can cure skin diseases. Since fruits are usually produced on the trunk and large branches, the removal of unwanted branches would give more light to the developing fruits. 12 Clever Gardening Hacks Every Gardener Should Know, 6 Tips for Growing Carrots in Your Garden. A few weeks before planting, dig holes about 60 to 80 centimeters in diameter and 40 to 50 centimeters deep. If temperatures drop below 35F (2C), mulch around the tree. Depending on who you ask, jackfruit can smell like a combination of grapefruit and bananas, OR can have a really nasty smell like rotting onions and gym socks! Clear and clean the field at least one year before transplanting seedlings to a permanent site. The bast of the tree is utilized in making rope and clothing. Cut leafy brnaches to prevent excessive moisture loss and take special care when transplanting because the jackfruit has a delicate root system. 2.) 1.) at the rate of 1 1/2kg-3kg per tree. Additionally, seeds are also available for purchase online. Prune the jackfruit regularly for easier harvest. To control – Cut off all affected shoots and twigs and destroy them by burning before spraying the tree with the recommended insecticides with long residual effects. Spacings are primarily determined by the vigour of the rootstock you are using - from very-dwarfing rootstocks which produce very small trees, to … If little or no pruning is planned, then jackfruit in the home landscape should be planted 25 to 30 feet (7.6–9.1 m) away from other trees and structures. ), has a very thick, rubbery rind, and also has up to 500 seeds. However, uneven ripening is a major problem in the natural ripening process, especially for large-sized fruits. They can be kept at 2ºC for 3 weeks. The skin is Bark is thick, grayish and exudes a milky sap when injured. When you cut the penduncle of the fruit with a sharp knife or sickle, be sure another person wearing hand gloves to protect his hands from spines will assist.