The following is a list of disorders of sex development that sometimes involve intersex anatomy. ; Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - male-looking genitals on genetic female. In some cases, a person has an extra sex chromosome—either an X or a Y—as is the case with 47, XXY or 47, XXX. Testes that appear to be undescended (in boys), but may be ovaries, Masses in the labia or groin (in girls) that may be testes, Opening of the urethra is somewhere other than the tip of the penis in boys, or above the vaginal opening in girls (, Abnormalities in the electrolyte levels in the blood due to the inability of the adrenal gland to make aldosterone, a steroid hormone produced by the outer layer of the adrenal cortex. Intersex is a general term used for a variety of conditions in which a person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male. By taking a sample of amniotic fluid, blood, or bone marrow, chromosomes can be counted and examined for structural changes.Imaging studies, such as a pelvic ultrasound, can generate views of both the male and female reproductive organs, revealing key information about the sex of the child. This may occur as a result of: A mix of male and female characteristicsIn this type of intersex condition—known as true gonadal DSD or ovotesticular DSD—the person has both testicular and ovarian tissue. The child's body may not be completely male, nor totally female. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (the most common cause) is a group of inherited disorders in which the adrenal gland lacks an enzyme that is needed to make the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. The Intersex Society of North America closed its doors and stopped updating this website in 2008. For current information, links to intersex support groups, and to connect with intersex advocates, please head to interACT: Advocates for Intersex Youth. ; Sex chromosome syndromes - certain chromosome conditions without the correct XX or XY pairs of sex chromosomes. Accord Alliance.Hughes, IA. In some cases, the testes do not descend and remain inside the body. Note: A number of the items that will be linked to below are in the process of being edited for inaccuracies. However, there may be other problems, such as with sexual development at puberty or the levels of the sex hormones. This condition also occurs when one of the X chromosomes is missing (45, XO).Unlike other types of intersex conditions, these disorders don’t lead to a mismatch between the internal and external genitalia. In some children, the exact cause of their intersex condition may not be known, but in others the defect lies within the chromosomes, gonads, or anatomical sex. See full list of 7 Types of Intersex conditions. Does ISNA think children with intersex should be raised without a gender, or in a third gender? Current Concepts in Disorders of Sexual Development. What do doctors do now when they encounter a patient with intersex? Intersex people are individuals born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies". Why Doesn't ISNA Want to Eradicate Gender? How do I know if I have an intersex condition? What evidence is there that you can grow up psychologically healthy with intersex genitals (without normalizing surgeries)? Intersex conditions, also known as disorders of sex development (DSD), occur when infants are born with a mix of male and female genitalia. Testosterone formation problems, such as a shortage of an enzyme required for one of the steps during the production of this male sex hormone. Best Practices in Research and Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. What is the current policy of the American Academy of Pediatrics on surgery? Disease Topics Related To Intersex conditions. (2008). Questions about Intersex Society of North America. Disorders of sexual development. The most common cause of intersex conditions is congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), which occurs in 1 out of every 15,000 live births worldwide. Disorders of Sex Development: A New Definition and Classification. ISNA’s work is continued by interACT: Advocates for Intersex Youth, who proudly preserves this website as a historical archive.For current information, links to intersex support groups, and to connect with intersex advocates, please head to interACT: Advocates for Intersex Youth. Disorders of sex development (intersex). Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as genitals, gonads and chromosome patterns that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".
2020 intersex conditions list