One day, while Europa was relaxing with friends by the seashore, the god Zeus spied her and immediately fell in love wi… She later married Asterius, the king of Crete, who adopted her sons, and she was worshipped under the name of Hellotis in Crete, where the festival Hellotia was held in her honour. He then revealed his true identity, and Europa became the first qu… Europa - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares? Disturbed by the dream, Europa woke up in the early hours and did not go back to sleep. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Europa being abducted by Zeus disguised as a bull, detail from an Attic krater, 5th century; in the Tarquinia National Museum, Italy. Zeus spoke to her and explained his love. While her role in the myths is not highly important, her story has inspired numerous artwork. But let us first recall the most common version of this ancient legend. The name of Europa is mentioned in many contexts, most of which deal with the divine union between a young girl and Zeus. Furthermore, Greek mythology didn't use the term "Israel" and, neither do the Scriptures use "Phoenicia" although, both terms described the "land of Canaan." Europa was carried off from Phoenicia to Crete, and was never found by the Phoenician relatives who sought her.. Europa's family . Europa, in Greek mythology, the daughter either of Phoenix or of Agenor, king of Phoenicia. Updates? In Greek mythology, Europa was the daughter of the Phoenician King Agenor and his wife Telephassa. According to Greek mythology, the Phoenician maiden named ‘Europa’ was one of the many objects of affection of Olympian chief god Zeus. He took her to Crete, where he had been raised, and promised her that she would bear him many famous sons. Premium Membership is now 50% off! The beauty of Europa inspired the love of Zeus, who approached her in the form of a white bull and carried her away from Phoenicia to Crete. It is said that Zeus was fell in love and decided to seduce her; to do this he turned himself into a white bull. Omissions? Ancient Origins - Tracing the Origins of Europe, Through Goddess Europa, Back to Jeroboam? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Europa is carried away. According to the legend, Europa was the epitome of feminine beauty on Earth. She had an affair with Zeus, which Hera never learned about and … https://www.britannica.com/topic/Europa-Greek-mythology. Europa was a princess of Phoenicia in Greek mythology. Instantly, the bull charged off, plunging into the sea, and began to swim rapidly from the shore. Her parents were Agenor, son of Poseidon, and Telephassa. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Most notably, the European continent was named after her. Her brothers were Phoenix, Cilix and Cadmus. The other continent, which was nameless, said that her birth was not important and that Zeus would give Europa to her. In one of Greek mythology’s most iconic scenes, the white bull swam across the sea to the island of Crete with the young princess clinging to his back. According to Hesiod in his Theogony, Europa is a daughter of Ocean and the Titan Tethys (357) while Homer’sIliad has her as the daughter of Phoenix (14:321). It is said that Zeus was fell in love and decided to seduce her; to do this he turned himself into a white bull. Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? One night, Europa dreamed of two continents, which had taken the forms of women, arguing over her. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She was the daughter of the King Agenor of Sidon and Europe was named after her. Zeus, the King of the gods according to Greek mythology, saw Europa as she was gathering flowers by the sea and immediately fell in love with her. The bull laid down in front of Europa and she slid onto its back. She summoned her companions, who were all daughters of nobility and of her age. She had an affair with Zeus, which Hera never learned about and therefore, never tried to pursue Europa to punish her. From this, she realized that the bull must be a god and she pleaded to pity her. Europa, in Greek mythology, the daughter either of Phoenix or of Agenor, king of Phoenicia. The love life of Zeus was a cornerstone of Greek mythology for it explained the existence of many other characters in the ancient tales. Black Friday Sale! In Greek mythology, Europa was abducted by Zeus (the counterpart of the Roman god Jupiter), who had taken the form of a spotless white bull to … See Also: Zeus, Hera, Minos, Rhadamanthus, Europa: GreekMythology.com - Nov 26, 2020, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. While Europa and her female attendants were gathering flowers, she saw the bull, caressed his flanks, and eventually got onto his back. It was a beautiful day and they went off gathering flowers by the sea. Zeus took the form of a gentle white bull to get close to her, only to run into the sea when she grew brave enough to ride on his back. This is the version of events presented by the 5th-century BCE historian Herodotus(1.2.1). There she bore Zeus three sons: Minos, ruler of Crete; Europa is one of the lovers of Zeus in Greek mythology, and arguably the most famous of a long line of lovers. The beauty of Europa inspired the love of Zeus, who approached her in the form of a white bull and carried her away from Phoenicia to Crete. He transformed himself into a tame white bull and mixed in with her father's herds. Europa was a Phoenician princess. "Europa" is a very plausible feminized Greek transliteration of his name (compare "Hieropolis," "Jerablus" and "Europos," all transliterations for the same alternate name for "Carchemish.").
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